Paul Jean Bertrand dit St-Arnaud
- Elisabeth St.Arnaud dit Bertrand was born on 15 Mar 1698
in Batiscan , PQ. She is baptized in Batiscan and receives the name
of Elisabeth, probably because of her godmother, Elisabeth Moreau;
the godfather is the brother of Gabrielle, Pierre Baribeau dit Beaupre
of nearly 17 years of age. Note that this Pierre Baribeau-Beaupre
will settle some years later not far from Paul Bertrand on the north
side of the Batiscan river.
When the eldest of the family gets married (May 1718)
From 1715 there is no doubt that Elisabeth, the eldest of the Bertrand
family, considers to take husband seriously. She most likely threw
her devotion on one of the fifteen boys of Jean Baril, near neighbor
of the St-Arnous. In fact, it is rather a strong man of about
thirty - François Dessureaux - that knew how to captivate her
heart. This one lives on a small (10 arpents) farm on the Batiscan
river, on the concession that he reclaims and cultivates since 1710.
His neighbors, on the North, are François and Jacques Baril;
while on the South, since July 1717, the widow of Juineau Augustin
dit Latulippe (of which Paul Bertrand son. the brother of Elisabeth,
will marry the girl in 1725) as well as Jean Papillau dit Perigny.
For reasons that are unknown to us, the visits between Francois Desureaux
and Elisabeth Bertrand were dragging in length. This kind of situation
is not always favorable for good morals, as we know. It came thus
that which would come. In the autumn of 1717 it became more and more
evident that Elisabeth was carrying a child. Noted is the fact that
on March 30, 1718, the registers of Batiscan signaled the baptism
of Marie-Francois, daughter of Francois Dessureau and of Lisabeth
St Arnou, and that the godfather was the Sieur Jean Baril and the
godmother was Dame Marie-Magdeleine Guillet, widow of Robert Rivard-Loranger.
This is that the 16 May following that they had the marriage in good
and due form. But at the registers of Batiscan the cure Gervais Lefebvre
wrote: "I undersigned priest cure of this parish, have married them
and have legitimized Marie-Francoise their daughter, born before their
marriage, according to the form and terms of our mother holy Church
catholic, apostolic and roman, in presence of the Sieurs Jean Baril...,
de Jacques Baril friend of the wife...and of Paul Bertrand, father
of the girl, Jean La Rieux friend of the husband and of Jean Baribeau
cousin (uncle!) of the wife."
The signature on the marriage contract was made on the eve of the
church marriage, on May 15, 1718. This contract furnishes us with
certain details which are not without interest. So Francois Dessureaux,
to suspend all legal actions made against him because of reasons of
carnal copulation that he had had with Eilsabeth Bertrand...who became
pregnant with a girl named Marie-Francoise and also that he should
desire and waited the experience of marriage declared that would have
flattered Bertrand, declared that the said Marie-Francoise belonged
to him, as she was issued from his act; the precise contract to go
on "is that girl was named of his name and entered in the succession
to fall due to the property said Francois Dessureaux and the said
Elisabeth Bertrand; that girl, the said Dessureaux of his part adopted
as his legitimate child, to be named in his future succession; in
consequence of that the said parties promised by their presence to
take by name and of marriage to make solemn in the face of our mother
Holy Church in the shortest time that they can..." We see that Francois
Dessureaux fully assumed in this affair the consequences of his actions
and did not look to exonerate himself.
As for Elisabeth, she
had the consolation to celebrate her marriage, in front of holy mother
Church, in the church in stone constructed about 1707 in Batiscan.
This church was, to hear the ancients that saw it, a reproduction
more or less exact of the present sanctuary in Cap-de Madeleine, whose
construction was nearly at the same time. It is also in this church
that were baptized the first six children of the Bertrand-Dessureaux
couple, whose total offsprings we understand to the be six girls and
four sons. The four last will be however baptized, after 1727, in
St.Genevieve of Batiscan. At present, those that inhabit the River-Batiscan
are obliged to walk more than a mile and half to the present church
of Batiscan. The situation would not last indefinitely.
On 18 March 1732 Elizabeth's husband, Francois Dessereaux, sells
to his brother-in-law Paul, Elizabeths inherited land of Paul/Gabrielle's
farm and that which was purchased from Francois Bellec for the sum
of 225 pounds. Elizabeth St.Arnaud and Francois Dessureaux farm
a piece of land on the south shore of the Batiscan River just north
of the St.Arnaud farm, between the Baril and Latulippe homesteads.
- Gabrielle St-Arnaud was born on 13 Mar 1700 in St.Francois-Xavier,
Batiscan, PQ. She died at the age of 2 on 2 Dec 1702 in St-Francois-Xavier,
Batiscan, PQ. Gabrielle, is also carried on baptismal
record of Batiscan February first, 1700. This time it is Mathurin
Rivard dit Feuilleverte and the girl of the notary François
Trotain, Marie Jeanne, who will be godfather and godmother of the
child. The Trotains and the Rivard-Feuillevertes are immediate neighbors
of the land of Paul Bertrand, as indicated the Plan of Catalonia.
- Marie-Paule St.Arnaud was born on 12 Mar 1702 in St.Francois-Xavier,
Batiscan, PQ. She died a day later on 13 Mar 1702 in St.Francois-Xavier
, Champlain , PQ. As godfather they had chosen this time François
Trotain himself, the neighbor that Paul Bertrand seems to have had
great confidence, because he will be during more than thirty years
the notary of the family.
- Paul-Francois St.Arnaud. was born on 22 Mar 1703 in
St-Francois-Xavier, Batiscan, PQ. He died on 10 Dec 1784 in
St-Francois-Xavier, Batiscan, PQ. He was married to Marie-Josephe
(Latulippe) Juineau on 17 Sep 1725 in St-Francois Xavier de Batiscan.
- Marie-Jeanne St.Arnaud was born on 6 Apr 1707 in Ste.
Genevieve de Batiscan PQ. She died on 26 Mar 1791 in Ste. Genevieve
de Batiscan PQ. The Bertrands dit St.Arnou will have three
girls again: Marie-Jeanne, baptized April 6, 1707, as well as Marie-Joseph,
baptized October 6, 1709, and that will have for godmother married
to Jean Baribeau, Marguerite Cosset, and for godfather the step brother
of Gabrielle Baribeau, Jean Germain dit Magny. On 11 April 1730 Marie-Jeanne
sells her part of the inherited family farm to her brother Paul for
the sum of 60 pounds.
- Marie-Josephte St.Arnaud was born on 6 Oct 1709 in
Ste. Genevieve de Batiscan PQ. She died on 30 Jul 1791 in Ste.Anne
de la Perade , PQ. Marie-Josephe sells her part of the
inherited family farm to her brother Paul on Oct 19, 1738 for the
sum of 75 pounds.
- Marie-Marguerite St.Arnaud was born on 14 Feb 1712 in Ste.Genevieve
de Batiscan. Marie-Maguerite, the last of the family,
it is François Bellec, her maternal brother now aged himself
20 years, that will serve as godfather February 14, 1712, in the church
of Batiscan. Marie-Marguerite sells he part of the inherited family
farm to her brother Paul on Mar 12,1736 for the sum of 108 pounds.
- Jean-Baptiste St-Arnaud was born on 16 May 1705 in Batiscan
PQ. He was born on 16 May 1705 in Batiscan , PQ. He was
in 1758 in Elected Churchwarden of Ste Genevieve. He died on
25 May 1768 in Ste. Genevieve de Batiscan PQ.
(*) Excerpts from the "La
Famille St-Arnaud à la Rivière Batiscan, 1695-1770"
by P. René Bacon, O.J.M. Book available from the St-Arnaud
(Computer translation from French with corrections made by the late
Richard "Dick" St-Arnauld and Jacques L'Heureux)
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Last modified by Jacques
September 13, 2004